Red symbolizes love and passion. Yellow stirs up happy and bubbly vibes. White and blue inspires feelings of calm and serenity. In most visual art forms, the proper use of colors is crucial in creating pieces. Floral design is no exception! Using color theory is the very first step in designing exquisite floral arrangements.
Before this, we talked about the origins and styles of different flower arrangements. Now, we'll tackle the basics of color and design in the art of floristry. We'll go deeper into easy concepts like ROYGBIV. From there, we'll go over more complex principles of color combination. Here's the brief rundown of the color theory that every florist in the industry needs!
Depending on how you want to use them, colors can be soft and delicate, bright and lively, or quiet and somber. But whatever combination you use, it's important to refer to the color wheel! This will help your floral pieces look more pleasant and dazzling. There are three basic terms in color theory: primary, secondary, and tertiary. Primary colors are the three main parts of the color wheel - red, yellow, and blue. These are the only colors that aren't created from the mix of other colors. Secondary colors are combinations of any two primary colors. Orange is the mix of red and yellow. Green is the mix of yellow and blue. Purple is the mix of blue and red. Tertiary colors are blends of any primary color with any secondary color. Red orange, yellow orange, red violet, blue violet (indigo), and blue green (teal), are good examples of this.
It's useful to use the color wheel in appropriate and artistic ways. It can help speed up the process of selecting flowers, foliage and accessories. With this, you can create delightful, harmonious arrangements and decoration with ease. There are a million and one ways to mix your colors and styles to match the theme and occasion! To launch your inspired flow of ideas, you can use these four basic color harmonies. (Tip: Keep that color wheel in view for an easy focal point with these combinations.).
These are pairs of colors right across from each other on the color wheel. Examples include red and green, yellow and violet, and blue and orange. They create an intriguing palette because of their stark contrast to each other. This is best for designing intense or vibrant floral arrangements!
These schemes consist of three colors beside each other on the wheel. It creates the two most popular divisions of colors: warm (red, orange, and yellow) and cool (blue, green, purple). Florists match these color harmonies to a variety of themes! Whether for somber moods or delightful motifs, they mix well to yield a flowing look.
On a tight budget? These arrangements are light on the pocket but enchanting to the eye! Simple yet exquisite, they suit any theme or occasion with ease. Known as "greenery", they add the appeal of nature's touch to any arrangement.
This scheme uses three colors in equal distance from each other on the color wheel. In floral arrangements, this appears in bunches of the primaries and secondaries. Florists often select subtler or lighter shades of the triad. They also aim for a mix of rich and soft shades for a pleasing, balanced aesthetic. Want a more detailed guide on making floral designs for specific containers or events? Check out our two-part series on how to craft floral arrangements!
Read all about Floral Arrangements in our next article.